Updated: Apr 13
Long before GDPR came into existence; the European Union had an EDPS (European Data Protection Supervisor). It was created in 2004 and The European Union Council and the European Parliament agreed to appoint a supervisor and an assistant supervisor for EDPS.
Institutional bodies monitor the processing of personal data done by the institutions that belong to the EU. Institutional bodies are responsible for applying fines for negligence, breaches and non-compliance. They also work in association with other authorities to make sure that the measures in protecting data are consistent. Furthermore, they also give advice to policies that are related to privacy.
EDPS covers the provision of guidance when it comes to the vision towards improvement in data security and providing an attainable and solid solution. In addition, they also have authority in maintaining and developing working relations with various stakeholders of the community.
Whenever a disagreement is present and requires supervision to help come up with a resolution/decision, the EDPS helps. The EDPS is only limited within the institutions that are under the EU. Any institutions that fall beyond the European Union will be beyond its responsibilities and will be responsible for another institutional body with the same job.
The European Data Protection Board
The members of the State are responsible to appoint a supervisory authority at a national level.
They are also obligated to ensure that compliance with the regulation across the union is maintained and consistent.
This, however, is not the case when we put cross-border into perspective. The principle states that only one member state will be responsible for dealing with the data protection and this will be dependent on the location of the headquarters.
The members of the European Data Protection Board will be comprised of national supervisory authorities’ representatives.
They will be a legal body whose job is to solve disagreements between national authorities and providing the union with certification and codes of conduct including offering guidance to aid organizations.